Do you want to earn more cash out of farming fish? Are you longing to raise your own food for a healthy lifestyle? If yes, then tilapia farming is your best choice. However, not all people know how it works.
Tilapia farming has become an alternative solution for the increasing demand for fresh fish. It is also considered as a lucrative business while giving people a chance to have a healthy lifestyle. If you know how to start and grow your own fish, it would be easy for you to generate more income.
Tilapia is a hardy and warm water fish. Compared to other fishes, it is easy to grow and manage. In fact, you can grow tilapia even at home. Therefore, you don’t need any complicated procedures to start a new business.
Tilapia farming offers multiple benefits. The fish you opt to grow is considered as a healthy food. With its multiple recipes, it would be easy for you to cook new and nutritious meals. The demand for fresh tilapia is high not only for home consumption, but also for seafood outlets and restaurants.
If you desire to venture into home tilapia farming, you have to know its accurate steps and procedures. Instead of worrying about this, here are some of the effective tips on how to start tilapia farming at home:
Know Your Purpose
Before starting your own tilapia farming, ask yourself a couple of questions. Why do you desire to raise tilapia? Do you want this for business or for food consumption only? In case you opt to grow more fish, are you willing to sell them? Your answers to this question will serve as your guide on how to raise fresh fish.
You also need to know your available resources. These play a vital role on what type of scale you need to venture into. Wherever you are, you also need to consider the source of water. Do you have a stream or farm pond in your area? If you don’t have these water sources, you don’t have anything to worry about. Tilapia is considered as a freshwater fish. Therefore, this fish has been grown in conditioned tap water.
Another factor that you need to consider is the availability of your materials. Do you have some materials that can help in your tilapia farming? Are you familiar with the different strategies on how to raise tilapia?
All of these questions and considerations are essential. Though tilapia is easy to grow, you need enough knowledge about this farming type. This can help make your tilapia farming more profitable.
After answering these questions and you think you are ready to raise tilapia, you can proceed to the next step.
Whether you want to raise tilapia for home consumption or business purposes, you need to know its local regulations. You can do this through visiting the authorized personnel in your local area. These regulations vary from one state to another. Therefore, you have to be more aware of these guidelines. If you don’t know the exact procedures on how to raise tilapia, you can simply ask assistance from any local aquaculture experts.
If you wish to sell fresh tilapia, you need to sort out your business. Depending on your preferences, you can register your tilapia farming business as a corporation, sole-proprietorship, LLC or partnership. Like other businesses, you need to secure several licenses and permits. Since every state has its respective requirements in getting these permits, you need to visit your local centers.
Make a Plan and Know Your Budget
If you wish to raise tilapia at home, you need to make a definite plan. To have an excellent plan, you need to know how to grow your tilapia. Making a plan doesn’t need to be formal. You just need to answer the following questions:
- How will you learn the exact tilapia farming procedure? – This question is not too hard to answer. Depending on your choice, you can buy a fish farming book or guidelines, use online resources or ask assistance from any experts. You can also attend any tilapia culture seminars and other related events.
- How much is your budget? – Your available budget is crucial in putting up a tilapia farming business. You also need enough cash to purchase essential materials such as tank, aerator, biofilter, feed, nets and other equipment.
- How to raise tilapia? – As a future tilapia farming owner, you need to know how to maintain the accurate levels of dissolved oxygen and other compounds in the water. You also need to understand the exact foods to feed them. Even if tilapia can withstand any environmental conditions, you have to ensure that your fish is always in good condition.
- Do you prefer to breed your fish? – Most people dealing with tilapia farming prefer to breed their fish to avoid fingerlings or purchase fry. If you opt to do the same, what methods of hatchery will you use and how will you do it?
- What is your plan after harvesting your fish? – You have two options to choose from after harvesting your tilapia—use it for household food consumption or sell it to retailers or local markets.
After answering these questions, you can easily make a perfect plan for your tilapia farming. Once you finish this step, you need to continue to the next one.
Organizing Your Tilapia System
Among the different methods, raising tilapia through ponds is considered as the simplest form. It entails feeding your fish regularly. You can use natural foods available in the pond as their food sources.
If you use cage or tank, you are required to buy the needed materials for its set-up. You also need to condition the water before introducing your fresh fish.
If you are new to tilapia farming, it is best to start in a small scale. Then, improve your farming scale as you get become more familiar with the steps on how to raise tilapia.
Get Fish to Start Your Farm
Your Tilapia farm wouldn’t be complete without the real school of tilapia swimming in the water of it. You have readied your system and all the prerequisite and necessary measures to secure a thriving farm out of your want to have a form of leisure, now is the time to tame the fish for your benefit.
Normally, you will have to purchase fingerlings of tilapia to start with your farm. Ranging from 0.75” up to 2.0”, purchasing tilapia fingerlings will make your farm run. However, if you will purchase fingerlings less than the measurement of 0.75” you ought to pour the lot of your attention because those require much of your surveillance. But you should be vigilant in selecting for a trustworthy tilapia fingerlings dealer to make a security away from fraudsters.
The water environment of your farm may or may not support tilapia’s life that is why you must slowly accustom the fingerlings to the pH, temperature, and the overall water conditions of the aquatic place. Begin your farm slowly but surely.
Grow Your fish to Harvestable Size
In the phase when the fingerlings are gaining god size, you must equally maintain the sound growing wet place for the fish.
The best growth happens when the chemistry of the water is at optimal level. For tilapia, the water chemistry recommended must be valued. The temperature must range from 80-100°F, and 85°F is finest. Taking into notice that the fish will slow eating at temperature 75°F, at 60°F it will become weak, and will die at 50° F. The dissolved oxygen content of the water shall be at 5 – 7 parts per million. With the PH of 7 – 7.5, having no chlorine, 200 – 300 ppm nitrate, 20 milligram/litter or less of carbon dioxide, nitrite of 0.3 milligram/litter or less, and with the optimal 0 ammonia, 2ppm of it will kill the fish, and 1 ppm will slow the growth, your farm is in good terms.
The traditional growing of plants is applicable in your tilapia farm, you must sustain the proper care and sustenance for your “aqua crops” to reach the best growth. Within four to six months the size of the tilapia is ready for harvesting.
If you want to self-sustain the farm set aside the adult fish for breeding. This is to ensure that the next harvest is still full of healthy sized tilapia. This will make an industry.
Harvest Your Fish
Now is the time for your cultured tilapia to pay you back by giving way to be a subject of profit or food. You can get some tilapia recipes or have your harvested fish to market.
It is the time to see if the ways you have done for your farm is as good as the size and profit or taste of the fish. Savour the savvy taste of the accomplishment over your farm. And prepare the farm for another season growing.